How To Change Front Brake Pads

Brake pads are an essential part of any vehicle’s braking system, and it’s important to know how to change them when they start to wear down. In this article, we will discuss step-by-step instructions for changing the front brake pads on your vehicle.

Gather the Necessary Tools and Materials

Before starting the brake pad replacement process, make sure you have all the required tools and materials. You will need a jack, jack stands, lug wrench, socket set, C-clamp, brake cleaner, and new brake pads.

Prepare Your Vehicle

First, park your vehicle on a level surface and engage the parking brake. Loosen the lug nuts on the wheels where you will be replacing the brake pads, but do not remove them yet.

Jack Up Your Vehicle

Use a jack to lift the vehicle off the ground and place jack stands under the vehicle to support it. Double-check to make sure the vehicle is stable and secure before proceeding.

Remove the Wheel

Once the vehicle is secured on jack stands, remove the lug nuts and take off the wheel. This will give you access to the brake caliper and brake pads.

Remove the Brake Caliper

To remove the brake caliper, use a socket wrench to unscrew the bolts that hold it in place. Then, carefully slide the caliper off the rotor and place it on a nearby surface. Take care not to damage the brake line.

Remove the Old Brake Pads

With the caliper removed, you can now remove the old brake pads. They should slide out easily.

Inspect the Brake Rotor

While the brake pads are off, take a moment to inspect the rotor for any damage or wear. If the rotor is damaged or worn, it may need to be replaced.

Clean the Brake Components

Before installing the new brake pads, it’s important to clean the brake components thoroughly. Use brake cleaner and a clean cloth to wipe down the rotor, caliper, and surrounding area.

Install the New Brake Pads

Once the brake components are clean, you can install the new brake pads. They should slide easily into place.

Reset the Brake Caliper

Before reattaching the brake caliper, you need to reset the piston inside it. Use a C-clamp to push the piston back into the caliper.

Reattach the Brake Caliper

Once the piston is reset, slide the brake caliper back over the rotor and screw in the bolts to secure it in place.

Replace the Wheel

With the brake caliper reattached, it’s time to put the wheel back on. Tighten the lug nuts by hand first, and then use a lug wrench to finish tightening them.

Lower Your Vehicle

Use the jack to lower your vehicle back down to the ground, and then remove the jack stands.

Repeat for Other Wheels

Repeat these steps for the other wheels where you need to replace the brake pads.

Test Your Brakes

Before driving your vehicle, make sure to test your brakes to ensure they are working correctly. Pump the brakes a few times to create pressure, and then test them at low speeds.


What is a brake pad?

A brake pad is a component of the braking system that presses against the rotor to slow down or stop a vehicle.

When should I replace my brake pads?

You should replace your brake pads when they are worn down to a thickness of 3 millimeters or less.

How often should I change my brake pads?

It’s recommended to change your brake pads every 50,000 miles, but this can vary depending on your driving habits and the type of vehicle you have.

Can I change my own brake pads?

Yes, you can change your own brake pads if you have the necessary tools and knowledge. It’s important to follow the proper steps and take safety precautions.


Changing front brake pads is an essential part of maintaining your vehicle’s braking system. By following these step-by-step instructions and taking safety precautions, you can replace your brake pads on your own and save money on professional services. Remember to always test your brakes before driving your vehicle to ensure they are working correctly.