How To Lay Patio Stones

When you want to give your outdoor space a beautiful and functional upgrade, laying patio stones is an excellent option. With the right tools and knowledge, this project can be completed quickly and easily. In this article, we will guide you through the process of how to lay patio stones, step by step.


The first step in laying patio stones is to prepare the area. This means clearing the space of any grass, weeds, or debris. You should also make sure the ground is level and compacted. This will ensure that your patio stays flat and doesn’t shift over time.

Tools and Materials

Before you begin, you will need to gather some tools and materials. These include: – Patio stones – Sand – Shovel – Rake – Tape measure – Level – Rubber mallet – Edging stones (optional)

Step 1: Measure and Mark

Measure the area where you want to lay your patio stones. Mark the outline of your patio using stakes and string. This will help you visualize the space and ensure that your patio is the right size and shape.

Step 2: Dig and Level

Using a shovel, dig out the area where you will be laying your patio stones. Make sure the area is level and compacted. Use a level to ensure that the ground is even.

Step 3: Add Sand

Spread a layer of sand over the area where you will be laying your patio stones. This will help to level the ground and provide a stable base for your patio.

Step 4: Lay the Stones

Starting at one corner, begin laying your patio stones in the pattern you have chosen. Use a rubber mallet to tap each stone into place. Make sure each stone is level and flush with the surrounding stones.

Step 5: Fill the Gaps

Once all of your patio stones are in place, fill the gaps between the stones with sand. Use a broom to sweep the sand into the gaps, and then use a hose to wet the sand. This will help to solidify the sand and prevent it from washing away.

Step 6: Add Edging Stones (Optional)

If you want to create a more defined border for your patio, you can add edging stones around the perimeter. This will help to keep the patio stones in place and prevent them from shifting over time.


Q: How much sand do I need?

A: You will need about 1 inch of sand for every 4 square feet of patio space.

Q: Do I need to use edging stones?

A: No, edging stones are optional. However, they can help to keep your patio stones in place and prevent them from shifting over time.

Q: Can I lay patio stones on top of grass?

A: No, you will need to remove the grass and level the ground before laying patio stones.


Laying patio stones is a simple and rewarding project that can greatly enhance the beauty and functionality of your outdoor space. By following these steps and using the right tools and materials, you can create a beautiful and durable patio that will last for years to come.