How To Plaster Drywall

Plastering drywall may seem like a daunting task, but with the right tools and techniques, it can be a rewarding DIY project. Here are some easy steps on how to plaster drywall.

Step 1: Prepare the Surface

Before you begin plastering, make sure that the drywall is clean and free of any debris or dust. Use a damp cloth to wipe down the surface, and fill any cracks or holes with spackling paste. Sand the surface smooth with a fine-grit sandpaper, and then clean the surface again.

Step 2: Mix the Plaster

Next, you will need to mix the plaster. Follow the directions on the packaging to mix the plaster to the proper consistency. You can use an electric mixer or mix it by hand. Be sure to wear gloves and protective eyewear when mixing the plaster.

Step 3: Apply the Plaster

Using a trowel, apply the plaster to the drywall in a thin, even layer. Use long, smooth strokes to spread the plaster evenly. Be sure to apply the plaster in small sections, working from the top down.

Step 4: Smooth the Plaster

After applying the plaster, use a plastering trowel to smooth the surface. Hold the trowel at a slight angle and use a light, sweeping motion. Be sure to keep the trowel clean as you work.

Step 5: Apply a Second Coat

Once the first coat is dry, apply a second coat of plaster. This coat should be slightly thicker than the first coat. Use the same technique to apply and smooth the second coat.

Step 6: Sand the Surface

After the second coat is dry, sand the surface with a fine-grit sandpaper. This will help to smooth out any bumps or uneven areas in the plaster.

Step 7: Apply a Finish Coat

For a smooth, professional finish, apply a finish coat of plaster. This coat should be even thinner than the previous coats. Use a plastering trowel to apply the finish coat, and then smooth it out with a wet sponge.

Step 8: Let the Plaster Dry

Allow the plaster to dry completely before painting or wallpapering the surface. This may take several hours or even overnight.


Q: Do I need to prime the surface before plastering?

A: It’s not necessary to prime the surface before plastering, but it can help to create a smoother finish.

Q: Can I plaster over wallpaper?

A: It’s not recommended to plaster over wallpaper. It’s best to remove the wallpaper first to ensure a smooth, even surface.

Q: Can I use plaster for outside walls?

A: Plaster is not recommended for use on outside walls, as it is not weather-resistant and may crack or crumble over time.


Plastering drywall may seem intimidating at first, but with the right tools and techniques, it can be a simple and rewarding DIY project. Just remember to take your time, work in small sections, and follow the steps carefully for a smooth, professional finish.